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The South Sea,[1] also known as the Southern Ocean,[2] is a large, open body of water located between the southern Earth Kingdom, the Southern Air Nomad territories, and the Southern Water Tribe.


The South Sea was dominated by the Fifth Nation pirates during the early life of Avatar Kyoshi. Fifth Nation leader Tagaka even took the title "Pirate Queen of the Southern Ocean".[2]

Since 40 AG, the Fire Nation Navy conducted the Southern Water Tribe raids from the South Sea.[3] Over time, the Fire Nation military activity in the area decreased.[4] By the latter stages of the Hundred Year War, only the Southern Raiders were still active in larger numbers in the South Sea. They consistently raided the coastal settlements of the southern Earth Kingdom and the Southern Water Tribe.[5]

Dark spirits attacked several ships in the South Sea in 171 AG.

After the end of the Hundred Year War, the South Sea became a place of great commercial activity with many transport ships, such as large steamships, passing through it.[6] However, several ships in the Southern Water Tribe's waters were attacked by dark spirits in 171 AG.[7]

Northern Water Tribe battleships formed a blockade around the South Pole during the Water Tribe Civil War.[8] While passing through the South Sea, one Northern battleship that transported prisoners of war was attacked by Team Avatar.[9]


The South Sea extends from the southern coast of the continental Earth Kingdom to the islands that form the nation's southernmost territories. It also spans from Whaletail Island and the former Air Nomad territories to the west to the narrow strait between the Earth Kingdom and the central of three large islands in the east. Activity in the South Sea is infrequent: while Kyoshi Island is a somewhat popular destination among traders and travelers,[1] there is minimal military traffic, as the bordering areas have little strategic importance.[4]

The Earth Kingdom coastline bordering the sea is fairly uneven, with a large inlet at the mouth of the Nan Shan River. The only coastal city of note is Chin Village. Though the sea is bordered by several large islands, including Whaletail Island, the only island of note in the area is Kyoshi Island.

The South Sea is rich in marine life, including many species of fish, like the elephant koi, and sea serpents, like the unagi.[4] As such, fishing is a major industry in surrounding regions. However, the waters of the South Sea's sections close to the South Pole are cold enough to kill humans in minutes and populated by vast icebergs.[2]


  1. 1.0 1.1 Yee, F. C. (author), DiMartino, Michael Dante (author). (July 16, 2019). Chapter Four, "Honest Work". The Rise of Kyoshi. Amulet Books.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Yee, F. C. (author), DiMartino, Michael Dante (author). (July 16, 2019). Chapter Seven, "The Iceberg". The Rise of Kyoshi. Amulet Books.
  3. From older Avatar: The Last Airbender official site, originally on Nick.com. Encyclopedia now broken, archived at The Lost Lore of Avatar Aang - Character: The Southern Raiders.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Malis, Nick (writer) & Volpe, Giancarlo (director). (March 4, 2005). "The Warriors of Kyoshi". Avatar: The Last Airbender. Season 1. Episode 4. Nickelodeon.
  5. Ehasz, Elizabeth Welch (writer) & Dos Santos, Joaquim (director). (July 17, 2008). "The Southern Raiders". Avatar: The Last Airbender. Season 3. Episode 16. Nickelodeon.
  6. DiMartino, Michael Dante, Konietzko, Bryan (writers) & Dos Santos, Joaquim, Ryu, Ki Hyun (directors). (April 14, 2012). "Welcome to Republic City". The Legend of Korra. Book One: Air. Episode 1. Nickelodeon.
  7. Hedrick, Tim (writer) & Heck, Colin (director). (September 13, 2013). "Rebel Spirit". The Legend of Korra. Book Two: Spirits. Episode 1. Nickelodeon.
  8. DiMartino, Michael Dante (writer) & Heck, Colin (director). (September 20, 2013). "Civil Wars, Part 1". The Legend of Korra. Book Two: Spirits. Episode 3. Nickelodeon.
  9. DiMartino, Michael Dante (writer) & Graham, Ian (director). (September 27, 2013). "Civil Wars, Part 2". The Legend of Korra. Book Two: Spirits. Episode 4. Nickelodeon.

See also