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The world has an extensive history dating back more than twenty thousand years. This article lists historical events in a timeline.

The history of this world can be roughly divided into two parts, the time before the Avatar and the time of the Avatar. Prior to the Avatar's creation, lion turtles served as the protectors of mankind, allowing the humans to erect cities atop their shells. Whenever the inhabitants of their cities would venture into the Spirit Wilds, the creatures would bestow the people with the ability to bend the element the turtle was affiliated with; the power was to be returned upon their reentry to the city. However, after the creation of the Avatar, the lion turtles renounced their roles as protectors of mankind, and the people were left to make their own homes scattered across the world, which eventually led to the division of the world into the four nations.

The most notable historical event that took place during the adventures of Team Avatar was the Hundred Year War,[1] the subsequent Harmony Restoration Movement,[2] and the Southern Reconstruction Project.[3] A number of major events occurred during the time of Korra's Team Avatar, including the Anti-bending Revolution, the events surrounding Harmonic Convergence, the insurrection of the Red Lotus, the formation of the Earth Empire, and the Evacuee Crisis. Some time before Korra's era, the term "modern" was used to describe how the world came into an industrial age.

Dates

To further clarify the often confusing timeline in Avatar: The Last Airbender, this timeline and other articles date events as years before the Air Nomad Genocide (BG) and years after the genocide (AG). 0 AG is the year Fire Lord Sozin used the power from Sozin's Comet to begin the Hundred Year War with the Air Nomad Genocide and serves as an epoch for the dating system.

Further notes about the system:

  • 0 AG began in winter, but with spring coming soon. This satisfies both the solar calendar and the Chinese Lunar Calendar. Sozin's Comet arrived at the end of the eighth month (solar or Chinese) of that year, in order to satisfy the "end of summer" term used by Roku.[4]
  • Aang emerged from the iceberg during winter in late 99 AG[5] and the final battles of the war occurred in the eighth month of 100 AG.
  • Almost all characters turned their present ages in 99 AG, as no birthdays except for Yue's have been shown in the series.[6] For example, Katara turned fourteen years old in 99 AG and was nearly fifteen by the end of the War.
  • The only birthdays known to have occurred are those of Yue, who turned sixteen in early 100 AG, in late winter, and of Iroh's son, Lu Ten, who was of unknown age when killed during the war, but whose birthday was during the spring.
  • As Toph's birthday is unknown, Toph could have turned twelve in either 99 AG or 100 AG. Therefore, her given year of birth (88 AG) may be inaccurate.
  • Dating for some of the events between Aang's awakening at the Southern Water Tribe and Aang's arrival at the Northern Water Tribe may be inaccurate, as it is unknown whether the Solar calendar or Chinese Lunar calendar is being used.

Chinese zodiac

The Chinese zodiac is also included. It revolves around the mathematical cycle of twelve animals. The animals are listed here in order.

1. Rat
2. Ox
3. Tiger
4. Rabbit
5. Dragon
6. Snake

7. Horse
8. Sheep
9. Monkey
10. Rooster
11. Dog
12. Pig

Era names

On the second ring of Wan Shi Tong's calendar, sixteen era names are visible. However, it is unclear how these are used in the dating of the Avatar world.[7] The invasion of the Fire Nation occurred on the Day of Black Sun during the Ri Wu era, while a previous eclipse referred to as "the darkest day in Fire Nation history" occurred in the Pei Zhi era.

Note: These definitions are very loosely based on the characters, as many of the combinations are difficult to understand. Some of the characters are no longer used in modern Chinese.

1. Ri Wu
(氜武, "Superior military")
2. Chun Tai
(淳泰, "Honest and exalted")
3. Zhi Yuan
(坧元, "Foundation and origin")
4. Jiong Yu
(烱裕, "Bright abundance")
5. Ri Long
(氜隆, "Great prosperity")
6. Yi Wen
(溢文, "Overflowing culture")
7. Pei Zhi
(培治. "Cultivate rule")
8. Kun De
(焜徳, "Shining virtue")

9. Yun Zhen
(氲貞, "Flourishing loyalty")
10. Ru Ming
(渪明, "Immersed in brightness")
11. Yao Ping
(堯平, "Peace of Emperor Yao")
12. Yang Chong
(煬崇, "Burning honor")
13. Fen An
(氛安, "Clouded peace")
14. Zhang Shun
(漳順, "Smooth as the Zhang River")
15. Yuan Zheng
(垣正, "Bastion of righteousness")
16. Zhuo Guang
(焯光 "Brilliant light")

The first character in these two-character words has a radical (one of the 214 ideographic elements in Chinese writing used in combination with phonetics to form thousands of different characters) that represents one of the four elements, and rotates in the order air, water, earth, and fire.

  • 气 — the "air" radical, used in characters related to gas
  • 氵 — the "three drops of water" radical, used in characters related to liquid
  • 土 — the "earth" radical, used in characters related to dirt, earth, mineral, etc.
  • 火 — the "fire" radical, used in characters related to fire, heat, etc.

The current Ri Wu era, for example, uses the air radical (气). This system might therefore be based on the Avatar Cycle, with the era changing upon the death of each Avatar. If this is the case, Aang would be living during the Ri Wu (Superior military) Era, Roku during the Zhuo Guang (Brilliant light) Era, Kyoshi during the Yuan Zheng (Bastion of righteousness) Era, and so on. This would also mean Korra would be living during the Chun Tai (Honest and exalted) Era.

Days could be counted by when they fell in an Avatar's life, such as Rangi referring to a specific day as the "six thousand four hundred fifty-fourth day of the Era of Kyoshi". This method of counting days was considered archaic by Kyoshi's lifetime, and only used by educated historians or for certain spiritual ceremonies.[8][9]

Timeline

Before the Era of Raava (before c.19,829 BG)

  • Tui and La manifest in the physical world, assuming mortal forms as koi fish.[6]
  • The Mother of Faces gives birth to Koh, the Face Stealer; however, they later become separated.[10]
  • The first humans appear in the world.[11]
  • Vaatu breaks through the barriers that separate humans and spirits, allowing both to travel between the spirit and mortal worlds.[11]

Era of Raava (c.19,829 BG — c. 9,829 BG)

c.19,829 BG — Era of Raava
Unknown date before c. 9,850 BG
  • Humans begin to build their cities on the shells of lion turtles to protect themselves from the dangers of the Spirit Wilds. Whenever the people have to venture into the wilds to collect food, the lion turtles bestowed upon the hunters the ability to control one of the elements. Eventually, the majority of the cities lost contact and knowledge of each other's existence, and developed unique cultures.[11][12]
9,850 BG — Year of the Snake
9,848 BG — Year of the Sheep
c. 9,832 BG — Year of the Rat
c. 9,830 BG — Year of the Tiger
  • Wan severs the link connecting Raava and Vaatu, in the process releasing chaos into the world.[12]
  • Wan and Raava begin their journey together to master the other elements.[11]
c. 9,829 BG — Year of the Rabbit
  • A large group of firebending settlers, led by Jaya, are killed by dark spirits during the battle in the Spirit Wilds.[11]
  • The second known Harmonic Convergence occurs.
  • Wan and Raava become permanently bonded, making Wan the first Avatar.[11]
  • Wan defeats and locks away Vaatu in an elemental barrier in the hollow of the Tree of Time.[11]
  • Wan orders the spirits to return to their world and separates the two realms by sealing the spirit portals located at the North and South Poles.[11]
  • In the advent of the Avatar, the lion turtles collectively decided that their task as protectors of mankind was done and that they would no longer grant any more bending powers.[11]

First Age of the Avatar (c. 9,829 BG — 171 AG)

Before Avatar Kyoshi (c. 9,829 BG — 312 BG)

Sometime between 9,829 BG and 3,829 BG
  • As humanity left the cities established on the lion turtles, they begin to come in to contact with each other. The different peoples begin to wage war against each other, forcing Wan to intervene in order to maintain peace. His efforts, however, are of little success. The violent conflicts continue until his death and beyond.[11]
  • The next Avatar is born into the cycle after Wan's death.
  • The Air Nomads learn the art of airbending from the flying bison,[14][nb 1] and the Northern Air Temple is built.[15]
c. 3,829 BG — Year of the Rabbit
  • The airbending Guru Laghima achieves weightlessness and lives his final forty years without touching the ground.[16] His philosophical rival, Guru Shoken, advocates that people should follow their own path, unburdened by morals or ideas of enlightenment.[17]
  • At some point after Laghima's death, the four nations are formed.[17]
830 BG — Year of the Tiger
  • A past Avatar defeats Hundun and mortally wounds his brother, forcing the conjoined twin kings to retreat to the Spirit World.[18]
Sometime between 9,829 BG and 345 BG
  • Wan Shi Tong's Library is brought from the Spirit World into the physical world.
  • The people of the later Earth Kingdom learn the art of earthbending from the badgermoles (Oma and Shu being the first known humans to use specific earthbending techniques),[19] the Sun Warriors learn the art of firebending from the dragons,[14] and the Water Tribes learn the art of waterbending by observing the pull of the moon on the ocean tides.[20]
  • A group of waterbenders from the Northern Water Tribe construct a large city out of ice in order to unite the various tribes inhabiting the North Pole region.[21]
  • Following a civil unrest, the Water Tribe —which was originally centered around the North Pole— splits into two groups: one stayed at the North Pole, while the other group went out to settle the South Pole. Relations with their sister tribe were later healed, and the two tribes would gather together at annual New Moon celebrations.[22]
  • A large group of waterbenders from the Southern Water Tribe, who are wandering through the Earth Kingdom, discover the Foggy Swamp and, comfortable with the large amount of water there, decide to stay, forming the Foggy Swamp Tribe. The Southern Water Tribe never learns of this offshoot and the Foggy Swamp Tribe itself later forgets its own origins.[23]
  • The Sun Warrior civilization flourishes, learning firebending from dragons. They operate under a tribal chiefdom led by a single chief. They eventually fade into obscurity, hiding in ruins, and are believed to be extinct. The rest of the Fire Islands archipelago is influenced by their culture, and the islanders carry on the art of firebending.[14]
  • Warlords battle each other for land in the disaggregated Fire Islands. One of them, Toz, orders the abduction of all of the children of the village that refused to provide him with tribute. The children are never seen again, causing their mothers to die from sadness and become Kemurikage spirits. The Kemurikage exact their vengeance by taking the children of the warlord and his men, leading to the collapse of Toz's regime as his men abandon him out of fear of the dark spirits.[24]
  • At some point, several members of the Bhanti venture from their island, located in the southern region of what would later become the Fire Nation archipelago, to the other nations, where they become sages,[25] most notably the Fire Sages and Earth Kingdom sages. While the former maintain their spiritual traditions, the latter gradually devolve into de facto officials.[26]
  • Unification wars of the Fire Islands: A man manages to defeat the remaining warlords and bring them to justice, thus uniting the Fire Islands into the Fire Nation,[24] under himself as the first Fire Lord, leader of the spiritual Fire Sages. The Fire Lord and the Fire Sages lead a spiritual rule, much as the Air Nomads were led by their monks. Over time, however, the Fire Lord accumulated political power, ruling the Fire Nation as a sovereign, and the office became hereditary, beginning the line of Fire Lords.[27]
  • Oma founds the city of Omashu after the death of her lover Shu.[19]
  • The vast Earth Kingdom is gradually united under the political authority of the city-state of Ba Sing Se. The King of Ba Sing Se becomes Earth King, overlord of all of the smaller kingdoms within the Earth Kingdom, some of which retain their own hereditary lordship.
  • The Fire Nation's navy is forbidden to fly military colors in the Eastern Sea during the 22nd Earth King's reign.[28]
  • Avatar Salai is born, and is remembered as one of the greatest Avatars of their age.[29]
  • Avatar Szeto is born in the Fire Nation. He becomes a junior minister in the Fire Nation government, and puts an end to the conflict between the noble clans in the nation by using bureaucracy.[30]
  • Avatar Yangchen of the Air Nomads is born in the Western Air Temple, after the death of Szeto.[30] Her reign as Avatar is a peaceful one, due to her fierce dedication to keeping balance and serving the world.[31][32] Among her most notable deeds were striking a deal with the spirit Old Iron[33] and signing a treaty with the Fifth Nation.[32]
Sometime in the 4th century BG
345 BG — Year of the Sheep
  • Avatar Yangchen dies;[nb 2] and Avatar Kuruk is born in the Northern Water Tribe.[32]
Sometime between 345 BG and 312 BG
  • When Kuruk attempts to master the Avatar State for the first time, he accidentally destroys an entire island; there were no fatal casualties.[35]
  • Avatar Kuruk tries to kill Koh, the Face Stealer, as revenge for stealing the face of his fiancée Ummi. This event is confusing to place chronologically, as if Koh's description of the event is taken literally, it would have happened c. 800-700 BG, over three hundred years before Kuruk's birth.[6] However, it is known that time passes differently in the Spirit World.[36][9]

The Era of Kyoshi (312 — 82 BG)

312 BG — Year of the Dragon
Sometime between 312 BG and 296 BG
  • Junsik dies.[38]
  • Lady Wumei dies. Her husband, Lu Beifong, is devastated by her death and consequently falls under the influence of Chamberlain Hui.[28]
310 BG - Year of the Horse
307/306 BG
  • Kyoshi is left in the care of the villagers of Yokoya by her parents. After the latter depart, the locals immediately renege on the deal and cast Kyoshi onto the streets. Rendered homeless, she almost dies of starvation.[39]
305 BG — Year of the Pig
  • Kyoshi is saved from starvation by Jianzhu and Kelsang. She takes the Avatar test but leaves before its completion.[32]
304 BG — Year of the Rat
  • Jianzhu defeats the Yellow Necks in the Battle of Zhulu Pass and buries about 5,000 rebels alive, ending their rebellion.[38][40] The remaining Yellow Necks go into hiding, while their leader Xu Ping An is secretly imprisoned so that the Fire Nation can study his ability to generate lightning.[41]
Sometime between 305 and 296 BG
  • A large splinter fleet of the Fifth Nation is destroyed by Kelsang. Tulok becomes the undisputed leader of the Fifth Nation pirates.[40]
  • Fifth Nation leader Tulok is succeeded by his daughter Tagaka. She proves to be an exceptionally capable pirate queen, earning a fearsome reputation and making the Fifth Nation the most powerful pirate fleet in the world. At some point, she defeats the Earth Kingdom's navy in battle and kills the last admiral of Ba Sing Se in a duel.[40]
  • Ba Sing Se's wars of secrets and daggers: Numerous princes of the Earth Kingdom royal family secretly feuded over the throne in Ba Sing Se. Many assassins were hired to remove potential rivals, one of them being Amak, who killed seven prominent royal family members on the order of a lesser Earth Kingdom prince.[40][8]
299 BG — Year of the Horse
  • Jesa and Hark die of a fever.[39]
298 BG — Year of the Goat
  • Jianzhu and Kelsang falsely identify Yun as the Avatar during their trip to Makapu Village.[42]
296 BG — Year of the Rooster
  • The pirate band of the Fade-Red Devils is completely wiped out by the Fifth Nation.[40]
  • Fall of the Fifth Nation: Yun and his companions, most notably Kyoshi, defeat the Fifth Nation pirates. Amak is killed during the encounter, and Tagaka is imprisoned. The identity of the Avatar is consequently cast into doubt, as Kyoshi displayed extremely unusual bending powers.[40]
  • To solve the Avatar succession crisis, Jianzhu consults Father Glowworm, after which Kyoshi is revealed to be the true Avatar. Yun is sacrificed by Jianzhu to the malevolent spirit and believed to be dead.[35] Kyoshi consequently refuses to accept Jianzhu as her teacher. Kelsang is killed by Jianzhu during his attempt to safeguard Kyoshi, though she manages to escape with Rangi, fleeing from Jianzhu into the inner Earth Kingdom,[43][44] where they join the Flying Opera Company.[39]
  • Xu Ping An is freed by the Autumn Bloom Society and plans to restore the Yellow Necks, though he is soon killed by Kyoshi in a lei tai duel.[45]
  • Lek is killed during the kidnapping of Rangi.[41]
  • Hui calls a conclave of Earth Kingdom sages to discuss whether Jianzhu is fit to serve as the Avatar's guardian. Many sages, including Hui, are killed in a mass poisoning orchestrated by Jianzhu.[41]
  • Jianzhu is killed by Yun when confronting Kyoshi in Qinchao.[46]
  • Kyoshi seeks sanctuary at the Southern Air Temple and receives a vision from Kuruk.[47]
  • Kyoshi mops up the splinter fleets of the Fifth Nation before they can reform.[48]
  • Kyoshi defeats a band of daofei known as the Emerald Claws, terrorizing Gintong Province.[48]
295 BG — Year of the Dog
Sometime between 295 and 270 BG
  • Kyoshi fully adopts Yokoya peninsula as her homeland and trains the first Kyoshi Warriors.[56]
c. 270 BG — Year of the Pig

Prelude of the Hundred Year War (82 — 0 BG)

82 BG — Year of the Horse
  • Avatar Kyoshi dies at age 230; Avatar Roku of the Fire Nation is born.[31]
  • Fire Lord Sozin is born the same day as Roku.[59]
66 BG — Year of the Dog
  • Avatar Roku is confirmed as Avatar at his sixteenth birthday, and leaves the Fire Nation to master the elements.[59]
c. 58 BG — Year of the Horse
  • Fire Lord Sozin ascends the throne, following the death of his father.[60]
55 BG — Year of the Rooster
54 BG — Year of the Dog
  • Avatar Roku returns to the Fire Nation after twelve years of travel and marries Ta Min, a noblewoman from the Capital.[59]
50 BG — Year of the Tiger
37 BG — Year of the Rabbit
12 BG — Year of the Dragon
  • Avatar Roku is killed while fighting a volcanic eruption at age seventy.[59]
  • Avatar Aang of the Air Nomads is born.[59]
  • Bumi of Omashu is born.
before c. 2 — 1 BG
  • Aang receives his tattoos after inventing the air scooter technique, making him the youngest airbending master in recorded history.[23]
c. 2 — 1 BG
  • Aang and his eccentric childhood friend Bumi would slide down the Omashu delivery system for fun.[63]
  • Aang played with his friend Kuzon in the Fire Nation.[64]

The Hundred Year War (0 — 100 AG)

0 AG — Year of the Dragon
  • Avatar Aang is confirmed as Avatar at the age of twelve, four years earlier than normal, because the monks were fearful of a possible war. The monks decided to send Aang to the Eastern Air Temple to continue his training. Distraught and confused by his destiny, he flees from the Southern Air Temple with his flying bison, Appa. Upon getting caught in a storm and being pulled underwater, Aang enters the Avatar State and encases himself in ice near the South Pole.[65]
  • Fire Lord Sozin begins what would be the Hundred Year War by attacking the other nations. He uses the power of a comet, later renamed Sozin's Comet in his honor, to launch a genocidal attack on the Air Nomads in an attempt to kill the Avatar.[4] All of the Air Nomads are killed except for Aang.
  • c. The Fire Nation launches a massive coordinated invasion of the Earth Kingdom, slowly but surely advancing across the continent over the course of the next hundred years. The city of Taku is destroyed during the process.[66]
  • Azulon is born.
15 AG — Year of the Goat
  • In an attempted invasion of the North, the Fire Navy and the Northern Water Tribe engage in battle, ending in Northern Water Tribe victory and the capture of Fire Navy troops and uniforms.[20]
19 AG — Year of the Pig
20 AG — Year of the Rat
  • Fire Lord Sozin dies at age 102;[60] Fire Lord Azulon ascends the throne.
39 AG — Year of the Goat
40 AG — Year of the Monkey
c. 75 AG — Year of the Goat
  • Kuei is born to the 51st Earth King, becoming heir to the throne of the Earth Kingdom.
c. 79 AG — Year of the Pig
  • The 51st Earth King dies. Kuei becomes the 52nd Earth King. Because of the new Earth King's youth, Long Feng is appointed Regent of Ba Sing Se, and becomes the Earth King's most trusted advisor. Taking advantage of his position, Long Feng suppresses knowledge of the war from the young prince and takes complete control of the city.[69]
82 AG — Year of the Tiger
83 AG — Year of the Rabbit
84 AG — Year of the Dragon
85 AG — Year of the Snake
87 AG — Year of the Goat or 88 AG — Year of the Monkey
92 AG — Year of the Rat
c. 94 AG — Year of the Tiger
  • Iroh begins his legendary Siege of Ba Sing Se.[80]
  • The Southern Raiders attack the Southern Water Tribe in an attempt to kill the last Southern waterbender. Chief Hakoda's wife Kya sacrifices herself to save the eight-year-old Katara, the true last waterbender of the Southern Water Tribe.[81]
95 AG — Year of the Rabbit
  • Iroh breaks through the Outer Wall of Ba Sing Se.[82]
  • Iroh's son Lu Ten is killed in the siege of Ba Sing Se, causing Iroh to end the operation after six hundred days.[82]
  • Princess Ursa conspires with Prince Ozai to kill Fire Lord Azulon in order to save Zuko and make Ozai Fire Lord. With Azulon's passing at age ninety-five, Ozai succeeds him as Fire Lord and Ursa is banished from the Fire Nation Capital.[82]
  • Prince Zuko becomes Heir to the throne of the Fire Nation.
97 AG — Year of the Snake
  • Prince Zuko is banished to capture the Avatar after an Agni Kai with his father, Fire Lord Ozai. He is accompanied by his uncle, Iroh.[65]
98 AG — Year of the Horse
  • Tom-Tom of the Fire Nation is born to Ukano and Michi.
99 AG — Year of the Goat
  • Avatar Aang is awakened from one hundred years of suspended animation by Katara and Sokka.[5]
  • Prince Zuko locates the Avatar and begins to hunt him down after his first attempt to apprehend him fails and causes much damage to the village of the Southern Water Tribe.[5]
  • There is a massive jailbreak at a Prison rig for earthbenders, and all inmates escape.[83]
  • Avatar Roku informs Aang on the winter solstice that Sozin's Comet will arrive by summer's end, telling him that Ozai must be defeated by the time of its arrival.[4]
  • The Fire Sages are accused of treason and imprisoned by Admiral Zhao.[4]
  • Avatar Aang begins his waterbending training with Katara.[84]
  • The village of Gaipan is destroyed and the villagers evacuate.[85]
100 AG — Year of the Monkey
  • Avatar Aang begins his firebending training with Jeong Jeong, however, his training ends prematurely when Admiral Zhao attacks Jeong Jeong's camp.[86]
  • The Fire Nation is repelled at the battle for the Northern Air Temple, but they acquire an experimental war balloon in the aftermath.[87]
  • The Fire Nation invades the Northern Water Tribe but is repelled by Aang after he temporarily fused with the Ocean Spirit, La, who was enraged with Admiral Zhao for killing the Moon Spirit, Tui.[6]
  • La imprisons Admiral Zhao in the Fog of Lost Souls in retaliation for Tui's death.[6]
  • Princess Yue sacrifices her life to become the Moon Spirit. This is made possible by the small bit of spirit that Tui infused within her to bring her to life as a baby.[6]
  • Members of the Northern Water Tribe set out to the Southern Water Tribe to aid them rebuild, initializing the Southern Reconstruction Project.[88]
  • Omashu falls to the Fire Nation.[89]
  • Avatar Aang begins his earthbending training with Toph.[90]
  • An attempt to break through Ba Sing Se's Outer Wall, using a giant drill and led by Princess Azula, fails.[91]
  • Ba Sing Se falls to the Fire Nation through an internal coup d'état led by Princess Azula and the Dai Li.[92]
  • Avatar Aang is slain by Azula, and subsequently brought back to life by Katara with spirit water.[92]
  • High-security prisoner General Iroh is imprisoned by Princess Azula and the Dai Li.[92]
  • Dai Li operative Joo Dee is appointed Supreme Bureaucratic Administrator of Ba Sing Se by Princess Azula.
  • The Fire Nation establishes administrative control of the Serpent's Pass by establishing a fortified bridge.
  • First day of the eighth month: An attack on the Fire Nation Capital led by Avatar Aang during a solar eclipse in an attempt to defeat the Fire Lord fails, leaving many of the Fire Lord's enemies imprisoned.[70][93]
  • During the eclipse, King Bumi liberates Omashu from the Fire Nation.[70]
  • General Iroh breaks free from the Fire Nation Capital City Prison.[70]
  • Prince Zuko betrays the Fire Nation and joins the Avatar's quest to oust Fire Lord Ozai.[94]
  • Avatar Aang begins his firebending training with Prince Zuko.[14]
  • Sometime after the first day of the eighth month: Sozin's Comet returns, enhancing the firebenders' powers one hundred-fold.
  • Fire Lord Ozai crowns himself Phoenix King and appoints Azula as Fire Lord.[95]
  • The Order of the White Lotus, led by Grand Lotus Iroh, frees Ba Sing Se from Fire Nation rule in the liberation of Ba Sing Se, effectively liberating the entire Earth Kingdom.[96]
  • Aang meets an ancient lion turtle, the world's oldest living being, and learns the lost art of energybending.[96]
  • Prince Zuko and Katara defeat Azula during her coronation as Fire Lord in the Comet-Enhanced Agni Kai. This causes Azula to lose her remaining sanity.[97]
  • Utilizing Sozin's Comet, Ozai launches a major attack on the Earth Kingdom with his armada of Fire Nation airships in an attempt to decisively end the war with a sheer display of force and destruction.[98]
  • An attack launched by Toph, Sokka, and Suki succeeds in destroying the armada while Aang battles Ozai.[98]
  • Avatar Aang defeats Ozai through the use of the Avatar State and uses energybending to strip him of his firebending.[97]
  • Phoenix King Ozai is imprisoned for various war crimes.[97]
  • Prince Zuko ascends to the throne as Fire Lord, vowing to the nations that he will dedicate his rule to rebuilding the world with the help of the Avatar.[97]

Post-Hundred Year War (100 AG — 171 AG)

100 AG — Year of the Monkey
101 AG — Year of the Rooster
102 AG — Year of the Dog
  • Zuko, with the help of Team Avatar and his sister, Azula, embark on a search for Ursa, which leads them to her new life in Hira'a.[100]
  • Yu Dao and other Fire Nation colonies create a joint government of Fire Nation and Earth Kingdom representatives, beginning the progression toward the formation of the United Republic of Nations.[101]
  • The New Ozai Society reassembles in an attempt to overthrow Fire Lord Zuko.[102]
  • Ursa returns to the Fire Nation for the first time since her exile.[102]
  • Children in the Fire Nation Capital are being kidnapped by Kemurikage imposters.[102]
  • Katara and Sokka return to the South Pole after two years.[3]
  • Master Pakku founds a waterbending school in the Southern Water Tribe.[3]
  • A group of Southern Water Tribe nationalists led by Gilak attempt to eradicate all foreign presence in the Southern Water Tribe.[103]
  • Gilak is killed.[104]
Between 102 — 103 AG
  • Cranefish Town is established on the western shores of the Earth Kingdom and rapidly grows. Tensions begin to escalate between benders and nonbenders, resulting in Liling's bender supremacist uprising, which is defeated by Team Avatar and the Earthen Fire Refinery's nonbender guards.[105]
Between 102 — 119 AG
  • Aang and Katara marry and have two children: Bumi, a nonbender, and Kya, a waterbender.[31]
  • Aang and Zuko establish the United Republic of Nations, a fifth nation with Republic City as its capital.[106]
  • The Fire Nation gifts a large statue of Aang to Republic City as a symbol of peace and goodwill.[31]
  • Toph travels the world to teach metalbending.
115 AG — Year of the Pig
119 AG — Year of the Rabbit
120 AG — Year of the Dragon
126 AG — Year of the Dog
128 AG — Year of the Rat
  • Yakone is placed on trial for his crimes against Republic City. After attempting an escape, he loses his bending to Avatar Aang.[109]
130 AG — Year of the Tiger
133 AG — Year of the Snake
134 AG — Year of the Horse
135 AG — Year of the Goat
138 AG — Year of the Dog
142 AG — Year of the Tiger
144 AG — Year of the Dragon
149 AG — Year of the Rooster
151 AG — Year of the Pig
  • Tonraq, heir apparent for the Northern Water Tribe chiefdom, leads a battalion against an invasion of their home by barbarians. He destroys a spirit forest in the process, resulting in his banishment by the tribal chief, his father.[113]
  • Unalaq takes Tonraq's position as heir apparent.[113]
  • Tonraq settles in the South Pole.[113]
152 AG — Year of the Rat
153 AG — Year of the Ox
  • Avatar Aang dies; Avatar Korra of the Southern Water Tribe is born to Tonraq and Senna.[31]
  • After travelling around the world and becoming a renowned healer in her own right,[115] Kya returns to the Southern Water Tribe to tend her grieving mother.[116]
  • Hong Li is born.[117]
154 AG — Year of the Tiger
  • Bolin, the youngest son of San and Naoki, is born.[31]
155 AG — Year of the Rabbit
157 AG — Year of the Snake
  • The Order of the White Lotus visits Korra's family at the South Pole and confirm Korra's claim to be the Avatar.[106]
158 AG — Year of the Horse
160 AG — Year of the Monkey
  • Mako and Bolin's parents are killed by a rogue firebender.[121]
  • Jinora, the eldest child of Tenzin and Pema, is born.[31]
163 AG — Year of the Pig
  • Ikki, the youngest daughter of Tenzin and Pema, is born.[31]
165 AG — Year of the Ox
  • Meelo, the first son of Tenzin and Pema, is born.[31]
166 AG — Year of the Tiger
  • Hiroshi Sato attempts to persuade Wonyong Keum to help him improving the Equalist mecha tanks, though Keum finally decided to back out of the deal, much to the annoyance of the Sato family.[122]
167 AG — Year of the Rabbit
170 AG — Year of the Horse
  • After passing her final firebending test, Korra goes to Republic City in order to begin her airbending training with Tenzin.[106]
  • The Anti-Bending Revolution publicly begins with the destruction of the Pro-bending Arena during an Equalist attack.[124]
  • Amon removes Tarrlok's bending.[109]
  • The Equalists launch an attack on Republic City. In the course of their attack, the insurgents occupy the capital as well as Air Temple Island, and overthrow the United Republic Council. Amon removes the bending of several prisoners made during the battle, including Lin Beifong's.[125]
  • Rohan, Tenzin and Pema's second son, is born during the battle.[125]
  • The United Forces' First Division is destroyed by the Equalists' biplane armada upon attempting to take Republic City back.[125]
  • Avatar Korra's bending is taken away by Amon during the Equalist victory rally, though she manages to unlock her airbending and expose Amon as a waterbender from the Northern Water Tribe, dealing a strong blow to the support of the Anti-Bending Revolution. Amon flees Republic City with his brother Tarrlok, who kills himself and Amon while crossing the Mo Ce Sea.[126]
  • Avatar Aang's spirit restores Avatar Korra's bending with energybending and passes on that knowledge to her. Korra consequently restores Lin Beifong's bending, as well as the bending of every other innocent person that lost it.[126]
171 AG — Year of the Sheep
  • Asami Sato assumes control of Future Industries as CEO.[127]
  • Bumi retires from the United Forces and moves to Air Temple Island with Tenzin and his family.[127]
  • The United Republic Council is dissolved in favor of a democratically elected president, the nonbender Raiko.[127]
  • Korra breaks ties with Tenzin and begins her spiritual training with Unalaq.[127]
  • Korra journeys to the heart of the South Pole and re-opens a dormant spirit portal on the winter solstice.[113]
  • Korra finds out the truth about how Unalaq framed his brother to become Chief of the Water Tribes.[128]
  • The Water Tribe Civil War starts.[128]
  • Korra is swallowed by a dark spirit, which causes her to temporarily lose her memory.[129] She later reconnects with the first Avatar, Wan, and regains most of her memories.[11][12]
  • Jinora leads Korra into the Spirit World.[130]
  • Korra reopens the Northern spirit portal after Jinora's life is threatened by Unalaq.[131]
  • The third known Harmonic Convergence occurs.[132]
  • Unalaq frees Vaatu and becomes the first Dark Avatar after fusing with the spirit of darkness. He purges Raava out of Korra and destroys the light spirit.[133]
  • Unalaq perishes after Vaatu's spirit is cleansed by Korra using Unalaq's own spiritual cleansing technique.[134]
  • Korra starts the Avatar Cycle anew, though she no longer has a connection to the past Avatars.[134]

Second Age of the Avatar (171 AG — Present)

171 AG — Year of the Sheep
  • Korra leaves the spirit portals open and denounces the Avatar's role as the bridge between the two worlds, assuming a more general peacekeeper role.[134]
  • The Water Tribe Civil War ends. The Southern Water Tribe becomes independent with Tonraq as its new chief.[134]
  • Desna and Eska become the new co-chiefs of the Northern Water Tribe.[135]
  • After a millennium of exile in the Spirit World, Hundun reenters the mortal world to take revenge on the Avatar and throw the world into chaos. Korra defeats and kills Hundun, however, restoring balance in the Spirit World.[18]
  • A number of nonbenders gain airbending abilities all across the four nations, including Bumi,[16] Kai,[135] and Zaheer.[16]
  • Korra is banished from Republic City by President Raiko.[16]
  • The Earth Queen Hou-Ting orders the Dai Li to kidnap airbenders throughout Ba Sing Se.[136]
  • Zaheer escapes his prison[16] and subsequently frees his teammates Ghazan, Ming-Hua,[135] and P'Li.[120]
  • Korra becomes the first metalbending Avatar.[111]
  • Zaofu is attacked by the Red Lotus in search of Korra.[117]
  • Earth Queen Hou-Ting is assassinated by Zaheer and the Inner Wall of the city is brought down by Ghazan, plunging the Earth Kingdom in chaos.[137]
  • The Red Lotus attacks the Northern Air Temple and threatens to destroy the revived Air Nation if Korra does not surrender herself.[138]
  • P'Li is killed by Suyin.[139]
  • Bolin becomes the second known non-Avatar who can lavabend.[139]
  • Ghazan destroys the Northern Air Temple.[139]
  • Zaheer becomes the second person in history to be able to fly.[139]
  • Ming-Hua is killed by Mako.[15]
  • Ghazan commits suicide in an attempt to bury Mako and Bolin.[15]
  • Zaheer is imprisoned once again.[15]
  • Jinora receives her airbending tattoos and is anointed as a master.[15]
  • Korra is officially welcomed back to Republic City.[15]
  • The airbenders return to their nomadic roots, promoting peace, balance, and harmony around the world while Korra recuperates.[15]
Between 171 — 174 AG
  • Republic City comes to terms with the spirits living in the metropolis.[140]
  • Kuvira assembles an army to reunite the Earth Kingdom.[140]
  • Korra rehabilitates at the Southern Water Tribe compound for two years, though still emotionally scarred by Zaheer's attempt on her life, she sets out on a journey to reconnect with Raava.[141]
174 AG — Year of the Dog
  • Wu is crowned the fifty-fourth ruler of the Earth Kingdom.[142]
  • Kuvira announces during Wu's coronation the dissolution of the Earth Kingdom, reforming it into a new "Earth Empire" under her leadership.[142]
  • After defeating Korra in a one-on-one duel, Kuvira successfully annexes Zaofu into the Earth Empire, bringing the entire nation under her control.[143]
  • With a spirit energy cannon at her disposal,[144] Kuvira marches her army to Republic City and forces President Raiko to surrender the United Republic of Nations to her.[145]
  • Hiroshi Sato sacrifices himself in the battle against Kuvira's enormous mecha suit.[146]
  • A new spirit portal emerges in the heart of Republic City.[147]
  • Kuvira surrenders herself and the military of the Earth Empire.[147]
  • Wu plans to abolish the Earth Kingdom monarchy in favor of independent states.[147]
  • Varrick and Zhu Li marry.[147]
  • President Raiko announces an expansion of Republic City.[147]
  • Spirits and humans come into conflict over dominance of the Republic City spirit portal and its surrounding area.[148]
  • Presidential elections in the United Republic of Nations begin.[148] Zhu Li Moon is elected the second President of the United Republic, defeating the incumbent Raiko.[122]
  • Many triads lost their turf during the destruction of downtown Republic City, now fighting each other for the remaining turf wars.[148]
  • After a trial for her war crimes, Kuvira is sentenced to house arrest in Zaofu three months after her surrender.[149]
  • The first democratic elections in the Earth Kingdom take place in the State of Gaoling but are rendered null after Commander Guan influenced voters through brainwashing.[149]

Trivia

  • The era names found on Wan Shi Tong's calendar were devised by S. L. Lee and based on traditional Chinese models.[150]

Notes

  1. Guru Laghima was an Air Nomad and airbending master; thus the Air Nomads must have formed before his life.
  2. Avatar Kuruk died in 312 BG,[31] when he was 33.[32] Thus, he was born, and Yangchen died, in 345 BG.

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  105. DiMartino, Michael Dante; Konietzko, Bryan; Hicks, Faith Erin (writer), Wartman, Peter (artist), Matera, Adele (colorist). Imbalance Part Three (October 1, 2019), Dark Horse Comics.
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  107. EXCLUSIVE: Yang Continues "Avatar: The Last Airbender" in The Search. Comic Book Resources. Retrieved on June 25, 2012.
  108. Ng, Philiana (July 10, 2014). 'Legend of Korra': Anne Heche's Character Debut. Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved on July 10, 2014.
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  110. Bryan Konietzko on the DVD commentary for "Endgame".
  111. 111.0 111.1 Mattila, Katie (writer) & Graham, Ian (director). (July 18, 2014). "Old Wounds". The Legend of Korra. Book Three: Change. Episode 6. Nickelodeon.
  112. DiMartino, Michael Dante, Konietzko, Bryan (writers) & Dos Santos, Joaquim, Ryu, Ki Hyun (directors). (June 23, 2012). "Skeletons in the Closet". The Legend of Korra. Book One: Air. Episode 11. Nickelodeon.
  113. 113.0 113.1 113.2 113.3 Hamilton, Joshua (writer) & Graham, Ian (director). (September 13, 2013). "The Southern Lights". The Legend of Korra. Book Two: Spirits. Episode 2. Nickelodeon.
  114. San Diego Comic-Con 2012
  115. Legend of Korra - mobile trivia game (September 10, 2013). Retrieved on September 10, 2013.
  116. DiMartino, Michael Dante (writer) & Heck, Colin (director). (September 20, 2013). "Civil Wars, Part 1". The Legend of Korra. Book Two: Spirits. Episode 3. Nickelodeon.
  117. 117.0 117.1 Hamilton, Joshua (writer) & Heck, Colin (director). (July 25, 2014). "The Terror Within". The Legend of Korra. Book Three: Change. Episode 8. Nickelodeon.
  118. Sims, Chris (2013-07-01). The Legend of Korra: Enhanced Experience Reveals New Characters From Book 2. Comics Alliance. Retrieved on July 1, 2013.
  119. DiMartino, Michael Dante, Konietzko, Bryan (writers) & Dos Santos, Joaquim, Ryu, Ki Hyun (directors). (May 19, 2012). "The Aftermath". The Legend of Korra. Book One: Air. Episode 7. Nickelodeon.
  120. 120.0 120.1 Hamilton, Joshua (writer) & Zwyer, Melchior (director). (July 11, 2014). "In Harm's Way". The Legend of Korra. Book Three: Change. Episode 4. Nickelodeon.
  121. DiMartino, Michael Dante, Konietzko, Bryan (writers) & Dos Santos, Joaquim, Ryu, Ki Hyun (directors). (April 21, 2012). "The Revelation". The Legend of Korra. Book One: Air. Episode 3. Nickelodeon.
  122. 122.0 122.1 DiMartino, Michael Dante (writer), Koh, Irene (artist), Piekos, Nate; Blambot (letterer), Campbell, Heather; Ng, Vivian (cover). Turf Wars Part Three (August 1, 2018), Dark Horse Comics.
  123. Hedrick, Tim (writer). (August 23, 2013). "Republic City Hustle: Part 3". Republic City Hustle. Episode 3. Nick.com.
  124. DiMartino, Michael Dante, Konietzko, Bryan (writers) & Dos Santos, Joaquim, Ryu, Ki Hyun (directors). (May 12, 2012). "And the Winner Is...". The Legend of Korra. Book One: Air. Episode 6. Nickelodeon.
  125. 125.0 125.1 125.2 DiMartino, Michael Dante, Konietzko, Bryan (writers) & Dos Santos, Joaquim, Ryu, Ki Hyun (directors). (June 16, 2012). "Turning the Tides". The Legend of Korra. Book One: Air. Episode 10. Nickelodeon.
  126. 126.0 126.1 DiMartino, Michael Dante, Konietzko, Bryan (writers) & Dos Santos, Joaquim, Ryu, Ki Hyun (directors). (June 23, 2012). "Endgame". The Legend of Korra. Book One: Air. Episode 12. Nickelodeon.
  127. 127.0 127.1 127.2 127.3 Hedrick, Tim (writer) & Heck, Colin (director). (September 13, 2013). "Rebel Spirit". The Legend of Korra. Book Two: Spirits. Episode 1. Nickelodeon.
  128. 128.0 128.1 DiMartino, Michael Dante (writer) & Graham, Ian (director). (September 27, 2013). "Civil Wars, Part 2". The Legend of Korra. Book Two: Spirits. Episode 4. Nickelodeon.
  129. Hedrick, Tim (writer) & Heck, Colin (director). (October 4, 2013). "Peacekeepers". The Legend of Korra. Book Two: Spirits. Episode 5. Nickelodeon.
  130. Hamilton, Joshua (writer) & Heck, Colin (director). (November 1, 2013). "The Guide". The Legend of Korra. Book Two: Spirits. Episode 9. Nickelodeon.
  131. Hedrick, Tim (writer) & Graham, Ian (director). (November 8, 2013). "A New Spiritual Age". The Legend of Korra. Book Two: Spirits. Episode 10. Nickelodeon.
  132. Hedrick, Tim (writer) & Graham, Ian (director). (November 15, 2013). "Harmonic Convergence". The Legend of Korra. Book Two: Spirits. Episode 12. Nickelodeon.
  133. Hamilton, Joshua (writer) & Heck, Colin (director). (November 22, 2013). "Darkness Falls". The Legend of Korra. Book Two: Spirits. Episode 13. Nickelodeon.
  134. 134.0 134.1 134.2 134.3 DiMartino, Michael Dante (writer) & Graham, Ian (director). (November 22, 2013). "Light in the Dark". The Legend of Korra. Book Two: Spirits. Episode 14. Nickelodeon.
  135. 135.0 135.1 135.2 Hedrick, Tim, Hamilton, Joshua (writers) & Heck, Colin, Zwyer, Melchior (directors). (June 27, 2014). "Rebirth". The Legend of Korra. Book Three: Change. Episode 2. Nickelodeon.
  136. Hedrick, Tim (writer) & Graham, Ian. (June 27, 2014). "The Earth Queen". The Legend of Korra. Book Three: Change. Episode 3. Nickelodeon.
  137. Hedrick, Tim (writer) & Zwyer, Melchior (director). (August 8, 2014). "Long Live the Queen". The Legend of Korra. Book Three: Change. Episode 10. Nick.com.
  138. Hamilton, Joshua (writer) & Heck, Colin (director). (August 15, 2014). "The Ultimatum". The Legend of Korra. Book Three: Change. Episode 11. Nick.com.
  139. 139.0 139.1 139.2 139.3 DiMartino, Michael Dante (writer) & Graham, Ian (director). (August 22, 2014). "Enter the Void". The Legend of Korra. Book Three: Change. Episode 12. Nick.com.
  140. 140.0 140.1 Hamilton, Joshua (writer) & Heck, Colin (director). (October 3, 2014). "After All These Years". The Legend of Korra. Book Four: Balance. Episode 1. Nick.com.
  141. DiMartino, Michael Dante (writer) & Graham, Ian (director). (October 10, 2014). "Korra Alone". The Legend of Korra. Book Four: Balance. Episode 2. Nick.com.
  142. 142.0 142.1 Hedrick, Tim (writer) & Zwyer, Melchior (director). (October 17, 2014). "The Coronation". The Legend of Korra. Book Four: Balance. Episode 3. Nick.com.
  143. Hedrick, Tim (writer) & Zwyer, Melchior (director). (November 7, 2014). "The Battle of Zaofu". The Legend of Korra. Book Four: Balance. Episode 6. Nick.com.
  144. Hedrick, Tim (writer) & Zwyer, Melchior (director). (December 5, 2014). "Operation Beifong". The Legend of Korra. Book Four: Balance. Episode 10. Nick.com.
  145. Hamilton, Joshua (writer) & Heck, Colin (director). (December 12, 2014). "Kuvira's Gambit". The Legend of Korra. Book Four: Balance. Episode 11. Nick.com.
  146. Hedrick, Tim (writer) & Graham, Ian (director). (December 19, 2014). "Day of the Colossus". The Legend of Korra. Book Four: Balance. Episode 12. Nick.com.
  147. 147.0 147.1 147.2 147.3 147.4 DiMartino, Michael Dante (writer) & Zwyer, Melchior (director). (December 19, 2014). "The Last Stand". The Legend of Korra. Book Four: Balance. Episode 13. Nick.com.
  148. 148.0 148.1 148.2 DiMartino, Michael Dante (writer), Koh, Irene (artist), Piekos, Nate; Blambot (letterer), Campbell, Heather; Bak, Jane (cover), Ng, Vivian (colorist). Turf Wars Part One (July 26, 2016), Dark Horse Comics.
  149. 149.0 149.1 DiMartino, Michael Dante (writer), Wong, Michelle (artist), Ng, Killian (colorist). Ruins of the Empire Part Three (February 25, 2020), Dark Horse Comics.
  150. Avatar: The Last Airbender—The Art of the Animated Series, page 126.

See also

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