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Zuko practiced his firebending on his ship.

Firebending masters employ a variety of distinct training exercises that considerably aid their pupils in mastering the art of firebending. Breathing exercises are considered fundamental during training, as power for firebending comes from the breath,[2] for which benders must master inner calm, discipline, and emotional stability.[3] Firebending was first mastered by the dragons and was passed down to humans by them.[4]

Essential concepts


Jeong Jeong instructed Aang to control his breath.

Breath control is an important part of firebending training, as Jeong Jeong made Aang practice it for hours at a time as his first exercise while training him.[1] While overseeing Zuko's firebending training, Iroh criticized his nephew, saying that "power in firebending comes from the breath, not the muscles." The elder explained that the breath becomes energy within the body, which is released in the form of fire.[2] While training Aang, Zuko was heard saying "breathe and release" showing the importance of breath control.[4] The correct way to do this is to inhale through the nose and exhale through the mouth slowly. Jeong Jeong stressed that proper breath control was necessary to prevent fire from expanding and becoming dangerous. Jeong Jeong compared the danger of firebending with other bending arts by stating that, "A rock without a bender won't throw itself, but fire is alive, it breathes, it grows," to show how essential proper breath control is to mastering firebending.[1]

Energy and drive

Zuko's firebending lacked drive after he joined Team Avatar.

For every form of bending, there must be drive within a person to bend. Originally, the common drive for firebending was about energy and life, but this was later distorted into rage, hatred, and destruction by the Fire Nation during the Hundred Year War. Firebending power stems from the unflinching will to accomplish one's goals. After Aang learned the true source of firebending from the ancient Sun Warriors and the dragons Ran and Shaw, he described the fire as being "like a little heartbeat". Initially, Zuko's drive was to capture the Avatar and he used that desire to fuel his bending. However, when he changed sides and joined Team Avatar, his bending was weakened; it was only when he realized it was his duty to help Aang bring balance to the world that he fully regained his ability to create powerful flames.[4]


One of the most vital sources of firebending is the sun, which makes it an important priority to be able to feel the heat and energy it releases. During his firebending training, Aang was instructed by Jeong Jeong to stand for long periods of time outdoors feeling the heat of the sun.[1] Consequently, when a solar eclipse occurs, firebenders lose their ability to bend because of the lack of the bending art's source of energy.[5]


Due to firebending's potential for destruction and its risk of going out of control, early firebending training focuses on suppressing any flame and keeping the heat and one's emotions under control. According to Rangi, Avatar Kyoshi's firebending teacher, failure to adhere to this may result in a beginner firebender developing bad habits and even cause harm to the trainee.[6] The prevention of being singed by one's own flames is an instinctual level of control possessed by every firebender, and not a skill that requires teaching.[7]

Types of training

There are two known types of training forms: the traditional form employed by most firebenders in the Fire Nation, and the ancient form employed by the Sun Warriors, Iroh, Zuko, and Aang. The traditional forms use strong strikes that require firm stances, not entirely unlike earthbending. The style that the Sun Warriors learned from the dragons employs a more natural and flowing movement and allows the user a more flexible style of combat, as seen many times by Zuko, who initially learned some of the unique forms from Iroh during his private training.[4]

Firebending exercises

While training under Zuko, Aang had certain assignments. He was instructed to do twenty sets of fire fists and ten hot squats every time he heard a badgerfrog croak.[8] When under the tutelage of Master Jeong Jeong, Aang was ordered to prevent a small flame generated at the center of a leaf from reaching its edges for as long as he possibly could.[1] There are other forms of firebending exercises, however, these forms have not been explored in great detail.

Sun Warriors

Main article: Sun Warriors

The ancient Sun Warrior civilization employed the original method of learning firebending rather than the modernized method which is solely based on anger and inner drive. The Sun Warriors took immense pride in their culture and valued the traditional methods of learning firebending. For a long time during the Hundred Year War, they were an undiscovered civilization, thought to have gone completely extinct until Aang and Zuko traveled to their civilization and learned of their present existence.[4] After the end of the war, Fire Lord Zuko strived to honor their traditions by teaching their philosophy and methods to the next generation. Their forms of firebending movements like the Dancing Dragon became mandatory in schools, and their calm yet fiery demeanor taught as the precursor to anyone learning to firebend.[9]


People who wished to learn the true nature of firebending needed to go through a ceremonial ritual where they presented a piece of the Eternal Flame to two masters, Ran and Shaw, who happened to be the last living dragons. The ritual was traditionally coupled with ceremonial music playing, bowing down, and firebending displays. If the masters deemed the subject worthy, they would pass on the secrets of the art of firebending, in Aang and Zuko's case, through the release of multi-colored flames that formed a spiraling column around the two; if deemed unworthy, the person would be destroyed on the spot.[4]

Dancing Dragon

Main article: Dancing Dragon

A series of statues illustrate the Dancing Dragon form.

The Dancing Dragon is an ancient firebending form employed by Avatar Wan and the Sun Warriors, who learned it from the original firebenders, the dragons. The Dancing Dragon is based on three types of attacks: low kicks, high punches or hits, and double punches with both fists. This technique was one of the only known firebending forms to employ both attacks and defenses. This "dance" was so effective that Zuko was able to effectively duel the prodigious Azula after he mastered it enough to use in battle.[4]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Hedrick, Tim (writer) & MacMullan, Lauren (director). (October 21, 2005). "The Deserter". Avatar: The Last Airbender. Season 1. Episode 16. Nickelodeon.
  2. 2.0 2.1 DiMartino, Michael Dante, Konietzko, Bryan (writers) & Filoni, Dave (director). (February 21, 2005). "The Boy in the Iceberg". Avatar: The Last Airbender. Season 1. Episode 1. Nickelodeon.
  3. From older Avatar: The Last Airbender official site, originally on Nick.com. Encyclopedia now broken, archived at The Lost Lore of Avatar Aang - Firebending.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 O'Bryan, John (writer) & Volpe, Giancarlo (director). (July 15, 2008). "The Firebending Masters". Avatar: The Last Airbender. Season 3. Episode 13. Nickelodeon.
  5. Ehasz, Aaron (writer) & Dos Santos, Joaquim (director). (November 30, 2007). "The Day of Black Sun, Part 2: The Eclipse". Avatar: The Last Airbender. Season 3. Episode 11. Nickelodeon.
  6. Yee, F. C. (author), DiMartino, Michael Dante (author). (July 16, 2019). Chapter Sixteen, "The Agreement". The Rise of Kyoshi. Amulet Books.
  7. Yee, F. C. (author), DiMartino, Michael Dante (author). (July 16, 2019). Chapter Twenty-Five, "The Raid". The Rise of Kyoshi. Amulet Books.
  8. Chan, May (writer) & Dos Santos, Joaquim (director). (July 16, 2008). "The Boiling Rock, Part 1". Avatar: The Last Airbender. Season 3. Episode 14. Nickelodeon.
  9. Avatar: The Last Airbender Cookbook: Official Recipes from the Four Nations, p. 121.

See also